Sarah Cannon at Sky Ridge Medical Center

Top Cancers Affecting Men

Lung cancer, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer are the three leading cancer killers in men. As with nearly any disease, early detection offers more treatment options and better survival rates.

Lung Cancer

Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by tobacco use. This includes:

  • Cigarette, cigar, or pipe smoking
  • Using chewing tobacco
  • Being exposed to second-hand smoke

Other factors that increase the chance of developing lung cancer include:

  • Being exposed to asbestos or radon
  • Having a lung disease, such as tuberculosis
  • Having a family or personal history of lung cancer
  • Being exposed to certain air pollutants
  • Being exposed to coal dust

Learn More About Lung Cancer and Lung Cancer Treatment

Prostate Cancer

The cause of prostate cancer is unknown. However, research shows that certain risk factors are linked to the disease:

  • Age: 55 or older
  • Race: Black
  • Family history of prostate cancer, especially father or brother
  • Family history of prostate cancer diagnosed at a young age
  • A high-fat diet

Learn More About Prostate Cancer and Prostate Cancer Treatment

Colorectal Cancer

The cause of colorectal cancer is unknown. However, it is possible to prevent many colon and rectal cancers by finding and removing polyps that could become cancerous. All men over the age of 50 should have a colonoscopy or other screening.

Risk factors associated with colon cancer include:

  • Age: 50 or older
  • Diets high in fat, low in fiber
  • History of polyps (benign growths) in the colon and rectum
  • Hereditary conditions such as familial polyposis or Lynch syndrome
  • Personal history of colorectal cancer
  • Family history of colon or rectal cancer, especially a parent, sibling, or child
  • History of ulcerative colitis (inflammation of the lining of the colon) or Crohn’s disease

Other risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • High body mass index (BMI)
  • Physical inactivity
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol intake
  • Diet high in red meats and low in fish

Learn More About Colon Cancer and Colon Cancer Treatment