An interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare heart defect. The aortic arch is part of the major blood vessel that helps move blood from the heart to the rest of the body. With IAA, the aortic arch is interrupted or incomplete. Blood cannot flow the way it should. Children with IAA may also have a hole in the wall between the right and left chambers in the heart.
IAA is present at birth. A direct cause isn’t known. It happens in the fifth to seventh week of fetal growth.
There is an higher risk for IAA if your child also has DiGeorge syndrome . This is a problem with the chromosomes.
Symptoms often appear within the first day or two after birth. Many times, the baby will show symptoms soon after birth. Tell your doctor if you notice:
- Lack of energy
- Poor feeding
- Rapid breathing
- Pale, blue, or cool skin
- Decreased urine output
IAA can lead to shock and heart failure . Your child will need emergency care.
During the exam, the doctor may detect:
- Fast heart rate
- Weak pulse
- Low oxygen levels
These symptoms may be due to other health problems.
You will be asked about your child's symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.
Pictures may be taken of your child's chest. This can be done with:
Your child's heart activity may be measured. This can be done with electrocardiogram (EKG).
Talk with the doctor about the best plan for your child. Your child may have:
Certain medicines will often be given to keep some blood flowing through another blood vessel called the ductus arteriosus. This lets some blood get around the interruption in the aorta. This is a short term treatment.
Medications may also:
- Help the heart beat stronger
- Remove extra fluid in the body
Surgery is needed to fix IAA. Surgery aims to form a connection between the two parts of the aortic arch. The hole in the heart between the ventricles is also closed. The ductus arteriosus is then closed.
Your child will need to see a heart specialist regularly.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 05/2018 -
- Update Date: 06/29/2018 -