Screening can help to find cancer before it causes symptoms. There are screening tests for prostate cancer. The goal is to find cancer that has a high risk of spreading before it spreads.
There is not standard test to screen for prostate cancer. Two common tests are listed below.
Prostate Specific Antigen
PSA is made by the prostate. It can be measured with a blood test. Levels can increase with prostate cancer. It can also increase because of:
- Some medicine
- Medical procedure
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
- Prostate infection
Age, race, and other things can affect your PSA levels. Your doctor will look at all of these factors when looking at the PSA levels. If the level is abnormal for you other tests may be done. A prostate biopsy is often the next step. It will remove a piece of prostate for testing to look for cancer.
Digital Rectal Exam
The prostate sits near the rectum. The doctor can feel the prostate through the wall of the rectum. This type of exam is called digital rectal exam (DRE). The health care provider inserts a gloved finger into the rectum. They use gentle pressure to feel for problems in the prostate. The U.S. Preventive Services Task does not recommend DRE as a screening test. It may instead be used after abnormal PSA test or symptoms.