General Guidelines for Managing Asthma
Making changes to lifestyle habits can help some people avoid asthma attacks. These changes may be:
- Reducing exposure to allergens or irritants that trigger asthma
- Paying attention to warning signs
- Asking a doctor about physical activity
- Getting a yearly flu shot
- Losing weight
- Getting the flu vaccine
- Avoiding smoke
Allergens may irritate asthma symptoms in some people. Reducing contact may help.
Get treatment for these warning signs:
- Shortness of breath and wheezing
- Chest tightness or pain
- Using bronchodilators more often
- Problems sleeping
- Frequent coughing, especially at night
Exercising can improve a person's health and mood. It can also reduce asthma attacks. People with asthma should:
- Have good asthma control before exercising.
- Warm up for at least 10 minutes before exercise. This can be walking or other low-intensity activities.
- Avoid triggers when exercising, such as high pollution levels, pollen, freshly cut grass, or cold.
- Increase new activities slowly.
Asthma can lead to a higher risk of flu-related problems. Adults and children older than 6 months old should get a yearly flu shot.
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Daniel A. Ostrovsky, MD
- Review Date: 09/2019 -
- Update Date: 10/22/2019 -