Definition

Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting problem that causes a person to have muscle pain and feel weak.

Fibromyalgia Trigger Points
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Causes

The cause is not known. It may be linked to genes, certain health problems, and stress.

Risk Factors

This problem is more common in women who are middle aged. Other things that may raise the risk are:

  • Having other family members who have it
  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Trauma or injury
  • Sleep problems

Symptoms

A person with this problem will have muscle pain and feel weak. Others problems are:

  • Problems sleeping
  • Feelings of hopelessness; worrying a lot
  • Being sensitive to touch
  • Problems with focus, thought, or memory
  • Stiff muscles
  • Being sensitive to noises, light, or odors

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. An exam will be done. This is often enough to make the diagnosis.

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to ease symptoms. Choices are:

Exercise

Exercise at least four times a week for 30 minutes each time. Strength training exercises and aerobic exercises like swimming are best.

Therapy

Therapy may help a person cope. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one method that teaches how thought patterns influence pain.

Medicine

These medicines may be given:

  • Antidepressants to ease pain
  • Pain relievers
  • Anti-seizure medicine to ease pain and help with sleep problems
  • Cannabinoids to help with sleep problems

Prevention

Fibromyalgia cannot be prevented. The cause is not known.

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